A strain of tuberculosis able to resist all known antibiotics is spreading in Mumbai, India- one of the world's most densely populated cities.
So far, 12 cases have been isolated, three of them have died and all may have infected others. Totally drug resistant TB has only been seen twice before, in 2007 in Italy and in 2009 in Iran
According to a US study oral human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is more common among men than women.
The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) study assessed around 5,500 people aged 14 to 69 of which around 10% of men had oral HPV, compared with 3.6% of women.
HPV causes the majority of cervical cancers, as well as genital and anal - and head and neck cancers.
VITAMIN A could soon be drafted into the battle against the main cause of blindness in older people, age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) which accounts for about half of all cases of blindness in people over 50.
Researchers want to test the vitamin's effectiveness following the discovery that large doses can relieve the symptoms of a rare genetic disorder which causes a similar form of blindness.
A simple vitamin dramatically reduced neurological damage in mice suffering from a multiple sclerosis-like illness, according to a study.
As a result, the researchers hope that a form of vitamin B3 (nicotinamide), may help reduce long-term disability in people with multiple sclerosis.
Folic acid supplements can improve mental performance and memory in people over 50, according to a new study.
Jane Durga and colleagues at Wageningen University in the Netherlands studied more than 800 men and women between the ages of 50 and 70 who had low levels of folate. Over a three-year period, these people took either a placebo, or 800 micrograms of folate per day.
Memory tests before and after the experiment showed those who took the supplement performed as well on a sensitive test of memory as people five years younger - and, on some parts of it, seven years younger.
According to the NSA "Stroke kills twice as many women as breast cancer every year” It is something women should definitely be concerned about.
Further reading reveals that "425,000 women suffer from stroke each year, 55,000 more than men. Only 27% of women could name more than two of the six primary stroke symptoms. Seven out of 10 women said they are not aware that they are more likely than men to have a stroke, and were not at all or only somewhat knowledgeable about risk factors."
Common stroke symptoms seen in both men and women include sudden weakness or numbness of face, arm or leg—especially on one side of the body; sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding; sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes; sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination; and sudden severe headache with no known cause.
According to Kári Stefánsson and his colleagues at Decode Genetics in Reykjavik, Iceland, men gain two new mutations in their sperm cells each year which means that the older the father the more likelihood of passing them on.
The first drug specifically designed to improve cognitive function in Down's syndrome is being tested in humans.
David Nutt, former drug policy adviser to the UK government, told delegates at the Festival of Neuroscience in London that he is collaborating with pharmaceutical company Roche in trials of a substance called RG1662.
The drug acts on a specific type of brain receptor found mostly in the hippocampus, a part of the brain involved in memory. It is thought that it will reduce excessive inhibition in the hippocampus, thought to underlie memory and learning problems commonly seen in people with Down's.